What Is The Modern Legacy Of The Sykes Picot Agreement
December 20, 2020
For British colonial administrators, Palestine was originally considered a buffer zone to protect the Suez Canal. However, in 1927, the British High Commissioner to Iraq enthusiastically expressed the discovery of “enormous quantities of oil” in that country, and Palestine provided a crucial outlet for the pipeline that would link Iraq`s oil fields to the Mediterranean. The Sykes-Picot agreement had left the French in charge of the northern route to Lebanon`s seaports, giving them permanent control over all oil exports from Iraq. The Palestinian port of Haifa offered the British an alternative route free of French control, and the Palestinian mandate thus acquired a new strategic importance for the guarantee of the UK`s national energy needs. Repeated and contradictory promises made to both sides during the term of office continued to fuel nationalist resentment. Everyone expected the country to remain in their hands, which the British seem to have promised them. And repeated attempts to divide or divide the country were not appropriate either. It would be essential for this to include the Maronite Christian core, where there was strong support for a certain French commitment. Such support for the French did not exist anywhere else, but France would also have a large region of present-day eastern Turkey, including the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. In addition, it would have indirect control over an autonomous Arab state covering parts of Syria that were not under direct control.
Meanwhile, at the end of May, the French in power, who made themselves available to the armed forces, continued to expect that the British would be replaced by French troops in Syria, even though they had argued over the exact geographical boundaries of these forces and, more generally, at the expense of relations; After the 21st meeting, Lloyd George Clemenceau had written and cancelled the Long-Bérenger oil agreement (revised version agreed at the end of April), which claimed that he did not know or want it to become a subject, while Clemenceau claimed that this had not been the subject of a dispute. There were also discussions about what was agreed or not at the private meeting between Clemenceau and Lloyd George last December.   The Arabs regarded McMahon`s promise as a formal agreement that could have been very good. Among the borders proposed by Hussein was Palestine. But this area was not explicitly mentioned in the McMahon-Hussein correspondence. The apologists of the 1916 Convention – nowadays it would be difficult to find serious defenders – would argue that it is more confusion than conspiracy. The plan, devised by two otherwise rather sticky diplomats, Sir Mark Sykes for Great Britain and François Georges-Picot for France, aimed to map a structure after the First World War for the territories of the Middle East of Turkey. As the conflict against Germany and its Turkish allies is still ongoing and the result is far from certain, they have drawn artificial lines in the sand, reflecting the interests of their countries rather than those of the inhabitants. At a meeting in a railway car in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne on 19 April 1917, a provisional agreement was reached between British and French Prime Ministers David Lloyd George and Alexandre Ribot, as well as Italian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Paolo Boselli and Sidney Sonnino, to settle the Italian interest in the Ottoman Empire, in particular Article 9 of the Treaty of London.  The agreement was necessary by the Allies to secure the position of the Italian armed forces in the Middle East.