Moreover, while important, the TSA is not sufficient to meet the major challenges of Brazil`s space program. There is no guarantee that revenues will be reinvested in space technology and Brazil has not invested enough for years in basic scientific and technological development. Instead, Brazil has tried to advance Brazil`s space program through very ambitious but ultimately unsuccessful projects and partnerships – including its failed efforts to develop a national spacecraft capable of putting satellites into orbit. The main successes of the space programme have been smaller: four successful launches of Earth observation satellites, built in collaboration with China, the development of suborbital acoustic missiles in partnership with Germany and a geostationary satellite built in partnership with the Italian company Thales – launched not by Alcuntara, but by its competitor in French Guiana in 2017 – to provide Internet services in remote areas in Brazil and provide a line of communication armed forces. President Jair Bolsonaro`s visit to the United States in March 2019 was openly welcomed by governments, policymakers and analysts as a successful and constructive state visit, characterized by a high level of geopolitical symbolism. In addition to the appointment of Brazil as an important non-NATO ally and Brazil`s support for Brazil`s accession to the OECD, which is now waiting behind Argentina and Romania, the signing of a Technological Safeguarding Agreement (TSA) has been a concrete step forward in bilateral relations. Approved by Brazil`s House of Commons on October 22, 2019, the treaty, which is now awaiting a vote in the Brazilian Senate, allows the launch of missiles using U.S. technology from the Alcuntara Launch Center (CLA) in Maranhéo state, opening the door to commercial use of the center and possibly closer cooperation in space between the two countries. In this regard, the TSA represents a major step forward for Brazil`s space program and will most likely provide the necessary funds to the country. In the face of Brazil`s severe fiscal crisis, it is essential that space activities generate revenues and not just invest.
However, the treaty alone will not solve all the challenges of space in Brazil, particularly with regard to advances in satellite launch technology and advanced scientific expertise in general.